The level of harvesting by Inuit identified in Sections 5.6.26 to 5.6.30 of the Nunavut Agreement. The NWMB will periodically review the basic needs level (BNL) for each stock or population and determine whether an additional allocation is required to meet any or all of (a) increased consumption or use by Inuit; (b) intersettlement trade; and (c) marketing for consumption or use in the Nunavut Settlement Area. In any year the adjusted basic needs level may float upward or downward, but shall never fall below the BNL.
The level of harvesting by Inuit identified in Sections 5.6.19 to 5.6.25 of the Nunavut Agreement. Where a total allowable harvest (TAH) has been determined, the NWMB shall strike a BNL in accordance with Article 5.6 of the Nunavut Agreement. The BNL constitutes the first demand on the TAH. Where the TAH is equal to or less than the BNL, Inuit shall have the right to the entire TAH.
Any conservation area in existence at the date of the ratification of the Nunavut Agreement listed in Schedule 9-1 of the Nunavut Agreement; and any of the areas listed in s. 9.1.1 when established under legislation which are national wildlife areas; migratory bird sanctuaries; international biological program ecological sites or areas; man and the biosphere reserves; world heritage convention, natural, and heritage sites; wildlife sanctuaries; critical wildlife areas; national historic sites; national historic parks; wetland of international importance for waterfowl (Ramsar); Canadian landmarks; Canadian heritage rivers; historic places; and other areas of particular significance for ecological, cultural, archaeological, researc, and similar reasons.
Any commerical or industrial undertaking, any municipal, territorial, provincial, or federal government undertaking or extension thereof, on land or water in the Nunavut Settlement Area and in Zones I and II but does not include marine transportation, and wildlife measure or use approved in accordance with Article 5.
When wildlife is killed and when it is necessary to preserve a human life or to protect that person's property, or to consume wildlife where it is necessary to prevent starvation. Permitted in these circumstances notwithstanding anything else in Article 5 of the Nunavut Agreement (s. 5.6.52-5.6.55).
Does not include trees suitable for commercial production of lumber or other building materials, but includes materials required by Inuit for local use, land-based activities and handicraft production.
Those species listed in Schedule 5-2 of the Nunavut Agreement, which includes squirrels, hares, beaver, fox, wolf, coyote, mustelids, wolverine, otter, marten, fisher, lynx, muskrat, bears, skunk, lemmings, voles, marmot, ground hog, woodchuck.
The reduction of wildlife into possession, including hunting, trapping, fishing, netting, egging, picking, collecting, gathering, spearing, killing, capturing or taking by any means (Article 1 Nunavut Agreement).
There is an HTO in each of the communities (and outpost camps that prefer a separate organization) in Nunavut. HTOs are generally responsible for the management of harvesting among their members. They derive their powers from Article 5.7 of the Nunavut Agreement; their specific functions are described in Nunavut Agreement 5.7.3.
An entity which complies with the legal requirements to carry on business in the Nunavut Settlement Area and which is a) a limited compnay with at least 52% of the company's voting shares beneficially owned by Inuit; b) a cooperative controlled by Inuit; or c) an Inuk sole proprietorship or partnership.
That part of Canada's internal waters or territorial sea, whether open or ice-covered, lying within the Nunavut Settlement Area, but does not include inland waters. For greater certainty, the reference to internal waters or terresterial sea includes the seabed and subsoil below those internal waters or territorial sea.
Means fish and includes parts of fish, shellfish, crustaceans, marine animals, and any parts of shellfish, crustaceans, or marine animals, and the eggs, sperm, spawn, larvae, spat, and juvenile stages of fish, shellfish, crustaceans, and marine animals
Those referred to in Schedule 5-3 of the Nunavut Agreement; Migratory game birds are geese, ducks, swans, cranes, rails, coots, gallinules, pigeons, doves, plovers, snadpipers, phalaropes, allies, and shorebirds including godwits, curlews, tattlers, turnstones, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers, and knots.
A land claims agreement within the meaning of S.35 of the Constitution Act, 1982. Where there is any inconsistency or conflict between any federal, territorial or local government laws and the Nunavut Agreement, the constitutionally-protected Nunavut Agreement must prevail to the extent of the inconsistency or conflict.
The areas bounded by a) in the north by latitude 73.40 N off Cape Liverpool on Bylot Island, b) in the south by Latitude 66.37 N off Cape Dyer on Baffin Island, c) in the west by the seaward edges of the Territerial Sea boundary off the east coast of Baffin Island, and d) in the east by the maximum limit of land fast ice (1963-1989) as shown on the map set out in Schedule 16-1 of the Nunavut Agreement.
Those species listed in Section 5.6.5 of the Nunavut Agreement that the NWMB shall presume, as a matter of fact and without further evidence, that Inuit need the total allowable harvest established by the NWMB.
Those principles set out in Section 5.1.5 of the Nunavut Agreement, which are: (a.) the maintenance of the natural balance of ecological systems within the Nunavut Settlement Area; (b.) the protection of wildlife habitat; (c.) the maintenance of vital, healthy, wildlife populations capable of sustaining harvesting needs as defined in Article 5; and (d.) the restoration and revitalization of depleted populations of wildlife and wildlife habitat.
There are three RWOs in Nunavut, one for each of the three regions. RWOs, made up of representatives from each of the HTOs in the region, are generally responsible for the management of harvesting among the members of the HTOs in the region. They derive their powers from Article 5.7 of the Nunavut Agreement; their specific functions are described in the Nunavut Agreement Section 5.7.6.
Where the basic needs level (BNL) or the adjusted BNL is less than the total allowable harvest (TAH) for a stock or population, the surplus is the difference between the adjusted BNL and the TAH and, where there is no adjusted basic needs level, the difference between the BNL and the TAH. The NWMB shall determine the allocation of the surplus in accordance with Section 5.6.31 of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement.
As per Usher (see Arctic vol. 53 no. 2, June 2000) includes the following four components: factual/rational knowledge about the environment; Factual knowledge about past and current use of the environment; Culturally based value statements about how things should be, and what is fitting and proper to do, including moral or ethical statements about how to behave with respect to animals and the environment, and about human health and well-being in a holistic sense; and information derived from observation, experience, and instruction is organized to provide explanations and guidance. This definition was referenced in the Aarluk Report approved by the Board in 2009).
These waters north of 61 degrees latitude subject to Canada's jurisdiction seaward of the territorial sea boundary as measured from the lines drawn pursuant to the Territorial Sea Geographical Coordinates (Area 7) order SOR/85-872 that are not part of the Nunavut Settlement Area.